Impact of the Solar Orbiter launch on Science 


With a launch date for the Solar Orbiter set for the 19th of February, all roads seem to lead to the launch site. According to Daniel Muller, the missions ESA, and project specialist, the Solar Orbiter mission is the first attempt ever in the history of space exploration to look into the matters of the sun to gather information at a close range. Scientists backing the mission have the hope that the mission’s success is a sure gateway to learning more about how the sun works and the mysteries behind how the gas giant’s cycles work. Through the solar orbiter findings, scientists hope to generate a first-ever 3D print of the sun 

The solar observation satellite is set to cost around $672million. While in space the orbiter will carry a floating research laboratory by using a variety of tools to monitor the timeframe of violent outbursts from the surface of the sun through the cold expanse of space onto the earth 

In a statement made by the director of NASA Heliosphere department, Nicky Fox, he acknowledged the fact that a large number of the activities in our galaxy are governed by reactions taking place at the sun’s core that roll out to its atmosphere. A look into the sun’s results reveals that a couple of interactions at the sun’s surface between unusual occurrences called solar winds and the sun’s magnetic fields create a protective layer that holds back much of the sun’s radiation, protecting life’s existence on earth. 

Yet these are not the only phenomenal forces generated by the sun that interact with our planet. Joining the solar winds are radiation outbursts called coronal mass ejections. These are sudden outbursts of massive levels of radiation that piggyback on solar winds and come to cause varying fluctuations in our planet’s electromagnetic field. Although they are both disruptive and destructive, the most known effects are their ability to interfere with radio signals and communication at crucial times like communication jams between airplanes and ground-based flight control centers.

Müller also stated that the Solar Orbiter would help unravel what occurs during solar winds and to bring understanding as to how the sun’s magnetic field works. With such information, scientists will be able to explain the workings of the solar magnetic field and its effects on the solar cycle at large. Scientists and experts think that the cycles link to the sun’s Polar Regions. Solar orbiter’s importance cannot be overstated. Yet no final word can be said of it until the satellite brings results from its voyage. For now, the orbiter sits, awaiting its launch